Drug Addiction is defined as a persistent and relapsing
Although treatable mental disease characterized by excessive drug seeking and use, even in spite of harmful or adverse consequences to health, relationships and society. Drug addiction is also considered a psychiatric disorder because certain drugs alter the brain’s structure, function, and the way the brain normally functions. It is a condition for which there is not one single cure.
Drug addicts exhibit a wide range of symptoms, but the most apparent are the aforementioned ones. You may need to go beyond the mere physical to experience all the psychiatric symptoms associated with drug addiction.
Here are some of these symptoms:
Dizziness. This is one of the earliest and most noticeable, symptoms that come up when an individual becomes addicted. Although not every one of us crosses the point of dizziness when we use drugs – it varies between people, for different reasons. Some may use it to avoid getting drunk and feel more alert; some may use it as a means of calming the nerves and reduce the impact of pain and discomfort when they are injured or hurt, while others may use it in a way that changes the chemical composition of their brain (so it becomes less sensitive to pain) – so that they may use it in a different way, in order to experience a different effect.
Loss of interest in normal activities. We all tend to become inactive and uninterested in things as time goes by. In drug addiction, this symptom manifests itself in behaviors such as restlessness, a lack of concentration, excessive laziness, or an inability to find the right thing to do. Sometimes these signs manifest themselves as sleep problems. A drug addict may be unable to get a good night’s rest. Other times, he/she may decide to sleep constantly, even if they don’t feel rested at all.
Loss of memory. Another very apparent sign of drug addiction is memory loss. While memory loss is common among regular users of drugs like cocaine, it is especially disturbing when it occurs among long-term drug addicts. As a result, an addict may increase his use of drugs in an effort to forget important or personally significant events in his/her past. It can also be caused by extreme psychological stress, such as depression, anxiety, or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Other risk factors. There are other risk factors that may increase the likelihood that an individual will become addicted to a drug. These include genetics (including race), gender, family history, socioeconomic status, and psychological disorders. In certain cases, the environment may play a role in whether or not someone develops a substance abuse problem. For example, those who belong to low-income, minority groups are at a greater risk of developing substance abuse problems than those who belong to higher income brackets. Also, women are at a greater risk of becoming addicted to certain types of drugs, such as marijuana, than men.