How Fracking Has Changed Our Living and Our Health
The effects of fracking on our water, air, and food resources are increasing day by day. Fracking is the extraction of natural gas from the shale layer of the earth. This process of extracting gas from the earth occurs when high pressure and high-temperature conditions are encountered. Once the high-temperature condition is reached the solid shale breaks into tiny pieces, and these pieces are then pumped out through the well or borehole utilizing a drilling machine. The tiny pieces then fall into the well, which is usually equipped with a pump that enables the flow of gas to be obtained.
The question now arises as to how this gas, petroleum, or other liquids
are going to affect us or our living and survival shortly. Well, according to some eminent scientific experts, there could be serious effects of fracking on our living and survival. According to them, the major effects of fracking on our living and survival can be seen in the form of air pollution, toxic chemicals in the wastewater, and the leakage of methane gas, which is considered the main cause of climate change.
Another important effect of fracking
is the contamination of drinking water. If we take for example the contamination of Colorado’s precious aquifers, the effects of fracking on the environment can be said to be drastic. Frack water contains harmful chemicals and the water cannot be used for bathing, drinking, or washing clothes. It also contains large amounts of radioactive isotopes that may cause immediate damage to human cells if they are exposed to it.
Many countries around the world
are also facing serious consequences of fracking spills and contamination of their water sources. In America, the West Virginia University studies found high levels of trihalomethanes (THMs) in the soil near drilling sites. The researchers concluded that the presence of these gases in the soil was the result of exposure to natural gas and oil during exploratory drilling. Other research results also suggest that the presence of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the soil near drilling sites is caused by the fracking itself, as the volatile organic compounds easily evaporate into the atmosphere when drilling occurs.
These chemicals are not only found in surface waters
but are also present in underground water supplies. Studies conducted in the last decade have also indicated the presence of these VOCs in groundwater. They have also been found to be very dangerous for humans as they are capable of causing neurological disorders. These effects of fracking on our living are also evident from the rising costs of health care in the United States and Europe.
As a result of these findings
the European Union has banned the use of many fracking chemicals in their countries. This has not only reduced the level of exposure to hazardous substances but has also meant that people living nearby are no longer exposed to these chemicals. As more countries begin to enact laws to protect their citizens from the dangers of fracking, the ban will become more effective and will also begin to protect us all from the health effects of this destructive activity.